For your assignment, it will be important properly identify and assess the types of research you are gathering -- whether you are reading primary/research articles, secondary research articles or popular articles. Read the box to the right to learn more about Primary/Research Articles and the other kinds of articles you might encounter in the course of your searching, as well as the differences between them. You may also wish to consult this handout to solidify your understanding:
Non-scholarly articles are often called "popular" articles because they are designed for "popular" consumption by the general population (as opposed to scholarly articles which are typically written by experts for an audience of experts).
See the chart below for a comparison of the differences between a non-scholarly and a scholarly article:
Cannabinoid may make new brain cells grow, reduce depression in rats. (2005, December 12). Alcoholism & Drug Abuse Weekly 17 (47), 7.
Click here to view the article (requires HC Google log-in)
Secondary/Review articles are a type of scholarly/academic, or peer-reviewed, article. Scholarly articles are articles written by experts, for experts, and vetted by experts via a rigorous review progress (known as peer review) prior to their publication. For most research assignments, you will want to rely on scholarly sources for your information. However, there are different kinds of scholarly articles.
See the chart below for a comparison of the differences between a and a article:
Secondary/Review articles are scholarly sources that provide valuable information about research being done in the field. However, they are a step removed in that the authors of Secondary/Review articles are reporting on research that has been conducted by other scholars, rather than sharing the results of their own research.
Ramikie, T.S. & Patel, S. (2012). Review: Endocannabinoid signaling in the amygdala: Anatomy, synaptic signaling, behavior, and adaptations to stress. Neuroscience 204, 38-52.
Click here to view the article, with highlighted references to a primary research article. (requires HC Google log-in).
Click here to view one of the primary research articles (see next tab) mentioned in the review article. (requires HC Google log-in).
are scholarly sources that provide valuable first-hand information about research being conducted in a given discipline. These articles directly present the experiments/studies and subsequent results currently being conducted in the field, as presented by the scholars who conducted these studies.
Jiang, W., Zhang, Y., Xiao, L., Van Cleemput, J., Ji, S., Bai, G. & Zhang, X. (2005). Cannabinoids promote embryonic and adult hippocampus neurogenesis and produce anxiolytic- and antidepressant-like effects. Journal of Clinical Investigation 115(11), 3104-3116.
Click here to view the article (requires HC log-in if off-campus)